Basic technique and features of dome acrobatics
Only mountains can be better than mountains! This motto is inherent in all those who are in love with parachuting and domed acrobatics in particular. Dome acrobatics is a sports discipline, the forefront of which is the scale and entertainment, as well as the coherence of team actions.
What is dome acrobatics?
Dome acrobatics is one of the varieties of parachuting, the ultimate goal of which is to build various figures in the air from open canopy parachutes. This direction is significantly different from the rest of the group acrobatics presented in parachuting.
Athletes immediately open the parachute after jumping from the plane, while other types of parachuting suggest first performing acrobatic elements, and after that – opening the parachute.
Dome acrobatics uses only wing wing parachutes for jumping. At the same time, the parachutes of all jumping athletes from the group should have identical parameters.
A little history of dome acrobatics
Group acrobatics, as a separate subspecies of parachuting, originated in the 70s of the last century. It was then that amateur enthusiasts tried to create figured compositions in the sky using parachutes of the “dome” type.
Thanks to the creation of the parachute-wing, dome acrobatics gained a second wind. And already in the 80s of the XX century, this direction of parachuting was included in the competitive parachuting program in France. It also began to be used in aviation shows, as a colorful addition to the main program.
Technique and features of dome acrobatics
Dome acrobatics is considered the most dangerous of all the disciplines of skydiving, because during the construction of figures, there is constant contact, both between participants in the jumps and between the parachutes of athletes. There are not rare cases when there is a collapse of domes, or confusion of participants due to parachutes.
Group acrobatics involves the participation of experienced athletes who have undergone special training on the ground and already had jumping experience. It is from the disciplined and clear actions of the paratroopers that the success and safety of the entire group during the execution of the figures depends.
A group of 2 people or more can build a figured element in the sky – there are no restrictions on the participants.
Group acrobatics of the dome type includes several main areas:
Rebuilding is the execution of figures in the previously established order. A new element is built only after the complete separation of the paratroopers from the previous figure.
Rotation. It is also a kind of rebuilding, however, a partial connection between paratroopers on certain sides of the figure remains. Even during the rotation, the upper athlete moves to the bottom of the composition and gives his parachute to the lower participant.
Particular attention is required to the characteristics of canopy parachutes.
They should have 3 important indicators:
be resistant to stall;
be well loaded;
have the ability to accurately respond to speed control.
The most popular basic elements of dome acrobatics are:
During the “whatnot”, the paratrooper, who should be at the top of the composition, is held by his feet at the 2 front center slings of the dome of the lower member of the group. Such a “whatnot” in sports circles is called “unclenched.” A “free bookcase” is when the top paratrooper is standing with his feet on the free ends of the suspension system of the lower athlete.
Competitions in Dome Acrobatics
Dome type acrobatics holds 4 types of competitions:
4-way rotation. A team of 5 people takes part – 4 paratroopers and an operator. This group should build the maximum number of elements in half a minute. Time is counted after the creation of the first “whatnot”.
4-way rebuild. A group of 4 athletes and a cameraman. Within 2 minutes after disconnection, participants must make the maximum number of figures. The elements to be performed are preselected by the judges out of 14 possible. Important: a new figure is built with “0”, that is, there should be no connection between paratroopers.
8-way figure building. A group of 8 participants and an operator. For the minimum time, the team creates curly elements that are selected by the judges.
Creating a composition of domes with the maximum number of paratroopers involved. Record – a figure of 100 people.
Dome acrobatics is a beautiful sight, behind which there is a huge amount of training and labor. There are no indifferent to this action. The breathtaking and participants and those who remain on earth!