Alpine skiing and snowboarding, like many other sports, are associated with risk. But hardly anyone coming out on a beautiful winter morning on the slope thinks that by the evening they may end up in a hospital bed. And what’s the most offensive, not my fault. On the slopes of Russia, unfortunately, cases such as “shot down and left”, collisions and injuries are not uncommon, and the higher the density of skiers and snowboarders, the more often all sorts of troubles occur.
So far, far from all skiers and snowboarders know and follow the rules of behavior on the slope, although this is not at all difficult. Is it difficult to be polite and attentive to what is happening around? After all, an extra look up or sideways will take much less time than lying on a hospital bed. And in Europe, the perpetrator can be sued even for a jacket torn during a collision, but if he leaves the scene, they will be searched with the help of the police, in which case the case will take an extremely serious turn.
The FIS rules below should be considered the ideal behavior model for a responsible and prudent skier or snowboarder, their main purpose is to avoid incidents on the slope. These Rules apply to all skiers and snowboarders, everyone who goes on a slope must be well aware, respected and abide by them. If he does not, then his accident behavior may be subject to civil and criminal law.
RULE 1. RESPECT ENVIRONMENT
A skier or snowboarder must behave in such a way as not to endanger and not harm others.
A skier or snowboarder is responsible not only for his own behavior, but also for the health of his equipment. This also applies to the use of newly developed equipment.
RULE 2. SPEED CONTROL AND DRIVING DIRECTIONS
A skier or snowboarder should move in a controlled manner. Its speed and method of descent should correspond to its personal capabilities, the prevailing conditions of the slope, snow quality, weather and the number of other skiers or snowboarders on the slope.
Collisions often occur due to the fact that skiers or snowboarders ride too fast, not watching others or not noticing them. A skier or snowboarder must be able to stop, turn and move within the boundaries of his field of vision. In a crowded area or in a place where visibility is limited, it is necessary to reduce speed, especially at the border of a steep slope, at the bottom of the route and near the ski lifts. It is also necessary to reduce speed in case of poor visibility (fog, “flat” lighting, snowing), in such conditions it is easier to navigate closer to the edge of the slope, especially if the border of the route is marked by hangers or the route passes in the forest.
RULE 3. CHOICE OF DIRECTION
A skier or snowboarder approaching from behind should choose the direction of travel so as not to endanger the skier or snowboarder in front.
Skiing and snowboarding is a free sport where everyone can ride, where and how he likes, provided that he complies with these rules and compares his skiing with his abilities and conditions on the slope. A skier or snowboarder riding ahead takes precedence. A skier or snowboarder traveling behind the other in the same direction must maintain a sufficient distance between himself and the other skier or snowboarder so that the skier in front can carry out all his movements freely. If it is necessary to approach a skier who is already standing (or lying) on a slope, you cannot stop higher up the slope: you can injure him.
RULE 4. Overtaking
A skier or snowboarder may overtake another skier from above, from below, to the right or left, provided that he leaves enough space for the skier to overtake for any intentional or unintentional movements (in the original, any voluntary or involuntary movement).
A skier or snowboarder overtaking another skier is fully responsible for the fact that the maneuver he performs will not create any difficulties for the skier he overtakes. This responsibility remains with him until overtaking is completed. This rule also applies in case of overtaking (detour) of a motionless skier. On the other hand, before starting an unexpected maneuver for skiers or snowboarders going downhill, for example, before turning at the end of a long beam, the skier or snowboarder must make sure that his maneuver will not cause a collision.
RULE 5. EXIT, STARTING THE MOVEMENT, MOVING UP THE SLOPE
A skier or snowboarder going onto a marked track, starting to move after a stop, or moving uphill must look up and down the slope to make sure that he can start moving without endangering himself or others.
Experience shows that access to the track and the beginning of movement after a stop are often the cause of accidents.