Extreme Sports History
Extreme translated from English is something extraordinary, special and outstanding actions, sometimes associated with danger to health and life. The history of extreme sports, which today is not one, not two, or even a dozen, as well as the word “extreme” itself, has Western roots.
It was abroad in the first half of the XX century. originated, and from the mid 1950’s. BMX, rock climbing, parkour, skateboarding, caving, trial, snowboarding and others began to actively promote. The development of all kinds of extreme sports is an important component of the history of non-Olympic sports. Moreover, today extreme sports are among the twenty most popular and popular sports in the world.
It all started with plywood
The history of such an extreme sport as snowboarding begins in 1929, when Jack Burtsheet attached plywood boards to his feet with horse reins in order to thus go down the snowy slope. However, snowboarding became really popular only in 1960-1970. It is at this time that the industrial production of snowboards begins, which are positioned as a “winter alternative” to surfing, as well as a worthy “competitor” of downhill skiing. The peak of the excitement of snowboarding falls on 1980-1990. It was then, in 1982, at the Suiside Six ski resort that the first National Snow Surfing Championship was held, organized by the forces of enthusiasts and pioneers of this young sport, which requires the athlete not only certain skills and preparation, but also involves significant risk and the need to overcome “Barrier of fear.” In 1998, during the Nagano Olympics, snowboarding was officially recognized as an Olympic sport.
The history of skateboarding as one of the most common extreme sports begins in the 1950s. in California. Initially, this “invention” was actively used by surfers as a tool for training on land. In 1970 the concept of “freestyle” appears, various tricks are spreading, the skateboarding industry begins to develop, and skateboards are appearing in various cities around the world. Skateboarding enters the history of Russian non-Olympic sports around the mid-1980s. and very soon, thanks to the release of American films on domestic screens, it is gaining mass popularity and becoming part of the street subculture. Over time, skateboarding federations appear in large Russian cities, and the street trend becomes one of the modern types of domestic sports.
Modern skateboarding is divided into several types: vert (skateboarding), street (street skating), mini skateboarding and pool skating (swimming in the pool). Each type has its own technique, its own tricks. The most technically difficult view is a vert, not every novice skater will risk, just, move out of the 4-5-meter vertical edge of the ramp. The ramp is a half-pipe, expensive building, it is not everywhere, so the vert is an elite type of skateboarding. The names of the top skaters, occupying the top lines in this form, are known around the world. These are Americans Tony Hawk, Andy MacDonald, Swiss Matthias Rinstrom. Matthias, for example, starred in a Sprite ad.
Another no less famous and popular sports “extreme” is sky-surfing (ski jumping and performing various figures in free fall). Sky surfing requires serious training and skill. The history of this extreme sport in Russia is remarkable for its striking dynamics.
Since 1995, Russian athletes have already participated in various world-class skisurfing competitions and show decent results. In particular, in 1998, the domestic sky-surfer Valery Rozov took first place at X-Games.
The rapid development of x-sports is not just a tribute to fashion
The history of extreme sports is young, but rich and diverse. Moreover, every year more and more types of “extreme” appear, new equipment and sports equipment are developed. Such a rapid development of X-sport is not just a tribute to fashion, but the possibility of self-realization and the possibility of the most acute life experience. The Russian history of non-Olympic sports, which are all kinds of extreme sports, in 1999 was marked by an important event. It was then that the Committee of National and Non-Olympic Sports of Russia was created (KNVVS of Russia). The main task of the KNVVS is to prepare and delegate the Russian team to the World Games in non-Olympic sports.
To date, among the sports that are not included in the Olympics program, there are a large number of professional types that are very popular in various countries of the world.
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