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Diving is extreme or not.

Diving – (from the English. Diving – diving) is a fairly voluminous term, including from usual diving with a mask, to an extreme variety – diving to a depth of several tens of meters, using breathing apparatus.

Divers – people involved in this type of recreation or sport.

Since a literal translation from the English word diving simply means diving, this means that any person, even a child, having plunged headlong into the water, can be considered a diver. Despite this, nowadays diving using special equipment is considered to be diving.

Diving equipment can be the simplest: a mask, snorkels and fins, and very complex, such as closed-type breathing apparatus, special suits and accessories.

The most popular was diving with open breathing apparatus – scuba gear.

In apparatuses of a closed type, air, after exhalation, passes through special filters that absorb carbon dioxide. Then it is enriched with oxygen and again served for the next breath. In open-type apparatuses, exhalation occurs in water. For shallow depths, compressed air is used as a breathing mixture.

History of scuba
The creation of scuba was preceded by numerous successful designs of closed-type breathing apparatus. The first successful attempts to create such devices began in the second half of the 19th century. In the 20th century, closed-circuit breathing apparatus designs were already widespread and quite reliable. The main disadvantage of such devices was the high risk of carbon dioxide poisoning, in case of failures in the filtration system.

Currently, there is a variety of information about who owns the opening of an open type breathing apparatus. It is generally recognized that the invention and popularization of scuba gear belongs to the French – naval officer Jacques-Yves Cousteau and engineer Emile Ganyan. It was they who in 1943 presented an effective and safe apparatus for breathing under open water, called scuba gear. The invented device allowed to dive to a depth of 90 meters.

Jacques-Yves Cousteau was not only the inventor of scuba gear and many other instruments for underwater work, but also a man madly in love with the sea and the underwater world. In 1953, together with Frederic Dumas, he published the book In the World of Silence, which became very popular throughout the world. According to this book, in 1956, the film of the same name was made, which won the Golden Palm Branch and the Oscar. On his ship Calypso, and later Calypso II, Cousteau traveled to all the seas and oceans of the world. By the way, he visited the Caspian Sea, went up the Volga.

Read about Jacques-Yves Cousteau and download his book “In the world of silence”

Currently, such a type of extreme sport as diving, using scuba gear, can be found in any sea resort in the world. Just a few theoretical lessons in certified organizations involved in the training of beginners and, in the absence of medical contraindications, you can dive with the participation of an experienced instructor.

Is diving dangerous?
Of course, although the risk is minimized. Amateur diving does not involve diving to significant depths, where the diver can get decompression. The respiratory system is usually duplicated by backup equipment. There is a possibility of emergency ascent.

Divers who are able to observe the rich underwater world at arm’s length receive unforgettable impressions from their extreme hobby – diving.

History of scuba
The creation of scuba was preceded by numerous successful designs of closed-type breathing apparatus. The first successful attempts to create such devices began in the second half of the 19th century. In the 20th century, closed-circuit breathing apparatus designs were already widespread and quite reliable. The main disadvantage of such devices was the high risk of carbon dioxide poisoning, in case of failures in the filtration system.

Currently, there is a variety of information about who owns the opening of an open type breathing apparatus. It is generally recognized that the invention and popularization of scuba gear belongs to the French – naval officer Jacques-Yves Cousteau and engineer Emile Ganyan. It was they who in 1943 presented an effective and safe apparatus for breathing under open water, called scuba gear. The invented device allowed to dive to a depth of 90 meters.

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