Speleology (from the Greek. Spélaion – cave and lógos – word, doctrine) – a complex science, a branch of natural science engaged in a comprehensive study of caves – their geological origin, morphology, mineralization, microclimate, composition and properties of cave waters. As well as the organic world of caves (including speleofauna), the remains of an ancient material culture and modern practical use.
Speleology, as a branch of geology, namely karstology, mineralogy and hydrogeology, studies natural caves – their origin, evolution, age, morphology, mineralogy, ecosystem, hydrogeological and microclimatic features of the caves, their modern and ancient fauna, enclosing rocks.
The unreasonably wide application of the concept of “speleology” has come into fashion in Russia: the word “speleology” is often understood not only Continue reading